Baseball March 31 -- Player representatives of the Major League Baseball
Players Association, in a 47-0 vote, authorize a strike to begin April 1. All 12 exhibition games for that day are canceled.
April 13 -- Players and owners settle on a four-year pension plan
agreement. The 86 games postponed by the strike are not
rescheduled. The season ranges from 153 games for some teams to 156
games for others with division winners determined on the basis of
won-loss percentage. The season opens April 15. Salary arbitration
for players with more than two years' service starts after 1973
1973Feb. 8 -- Owners announce spring training will not begin as
scheduled on Feb. 14 without a collective bargaining agreement.
Feb. 25 -- Players and owners reach three-year agreement that
establishes salary arbitration for players with two or more years
of major league service.
1976Feb. 23 -- Owners announce spring training won't begin as
scheduled March 1 until a new agreement is reached.
March 11 -- Players shut down informal training camps.
March 17 -- Commissioner Bowie Kuhn orders training camps opened.
July 12 -- Players and owners reach four-year agreement that
establishes procedure for free agency. Players with at least six
years' service may become free agents but players then must wait
five years before becoming a free agent. Players with two years
service eligible for salary arbitration.
1980March 4 -- The players, in a 967-1 vote, authorize a strike on or
about opening day.
April 1 -- Players strike final eight days of spring training,
forcing cancellation of 92 exhibition games.
May 23 -- Players and owners reach four-year agreement but allow
the issue of free agency to be reopened the following season.
1981Feb. 25 -- The executive board of the union approves a May 29
June 12 -- After a two-week extension of the original strike
deadline caused by a National Labor Relations Board action, players
stage first midseason strike in baseball history.
July 31 -- Players and owners reach agreement, ending strike
after 50 days resulting in 712 canceled games. Agreement extends
contract one year through Dec. 31, 1984. Season restarts following
All-Star game at Cleveland's Municipal Stadium on Aug. 9.
1985July 15 -- On the day before the All-Star game in Minneapolis,
the union sets an Aug. 6 strike date.
Aug. 6 -- Players strike in midseason for the second time.
Aug. 7 -- Players and owners reach five-year agreement. Salary
arbitration eligibility increased from two years to three years.
The season resumes Aug. 8.
1990Jan. 9 -- Owners announce a lockout will begin Feb. 15 unless
there is a new agreement.
March 18 -- Agreement reached on a four-year contract after a
32-day lockout. Season starts on April 9, a week behind schedule.
The 78 games postponed by the lockout are rescheduled.
1994July 28 -- The executive board of the union sets an Aug. 12
Aug. 12 -- Players, fearful owners will implement a salary cap
after the season, strike in an attempt to force an agreement. On
Sept. 14, the World Series is canceled for the first time since
1904, and 669 games of the season are lost.
1995April 2 -- Owners accept the players' unconditional offer to
return to work, made March 31 after a U.S. District judge issued an
injunction restoring terms and conditions of the expired agreement.
Opening day is pushed back from April 2 to April 25. The first 23
days and 252 games of the season are canceled. Teams will play
1997March 14 -- Agreement signed on a contract through the 2000
season with a union option to extend it through 2001.
FootballJuly 30 -- The National Football League Players Association votes
Aug. 3 -- Strike ends as NFLPA and NFL Management Council reach
1974June 30 -- Players go on strike.
Aug. 11 -- Players agree to suspend their strike for 14 days.
Aug. 28 -- NFLPA votes 25-1 to reject management's latest offer
but says players will open the regular season, if necessary,
without a new agreement.
1977March 1 -- After three years of sporadic talks, a new agreement
1982Sept. 20 -- NFLPA announces the first regular season strike in
the 63-year history of the league, effective following a Monday
night game between the Green Bay Packers and the New York Giants.
Nov. 16 -- Tentative agreement reached on a five-year contract.
The strike lasted 57 days and resulted in the cancellation of 98
Nov. 21 -- The regular season resumes.
Dec. 11 -- NFL and NFLPA sign a new agreement.
1987Sept. 22 -- NFL players go on strike with free agency the major
Sept. 24 -- Fourteen games are canceled on what would have been
the third week of the season.
Oct. 4-5 -- Season resumes with replacement players.
Oct. 11-12 -- Second weekend of games with replacement players.
Oct. 15 -- After more than 100 players had crossed picket lines,
NFLPA orders players to return without a contract and files an
antitrust suit in Minneapolis.
Oct. 18-19 -- Third week of replacement games take place without
returned players, prohibited from playing because of what the
league calls danger of injury.
Oct. 25-26 -- All players return.
1989Feb. 1 -- Owners implement "Plan B'' free agency rules.
1992Sept. 10 -- Jury finds the system implemented by NFL owners
violates antitrust laws and awards the seven players who sued $1.6
1993Jan. 6 -- Players and owners agree on seven-year contract through
1994Sept. 12 -- NLRB orders owners to pay players $30 million in back
wages, lost bonuses and interest for not allowing them to play in
games of Oct. 18-19, 1987.
BasketballJuly 1 -- On the day a no-strike, no-lockout agreement expired,
the NBA locks out its players.
Sept. 12 -- Player representatives approve a six-year contract by
a 25=2 vote.
Sept. 14 -- Owners approve contract 24-5 and announce they will
lift the lockout on Sept. 17 -- 19 days before the scheduled opening
of training camp.
1996July 11 -- A lockout is imposed as the sides argue over $50
million in TV revenue. The lockout is lifted after a couple of
hours, and the agreement is completed.
1998June 30 -- League announces a lockout will begin the next day.
Union files grievance with arbitrator John Feerick, asking that
players with guaranteed contracts be paid during the lockout.
July 1 -- Owners impose the third lockout in league history.
Jan. 6 -- After a secret, all-night negotiating session,
commissioner David Stern and union head Billy Hunter reach
agreement to end the lockout the day before the league's "drop
dead'' date to cancel the season.
HockeyApril 1 -- NHL players vote 560-4 to reject the owners' contract
offer, setting into motion the first league-wide strike in league
April 11 -- Players and owners agree on a contract through the
1992-93 season. The 30 postponed games are rescheduled.
1994Sept. 22 -- Owners announced they will lock out players on Oct.
1, when the season is scheduled to start, if there isn't an
1995Jan. 11 -- On the 103rd day of the lockout, players and owners
agree to a six-year deal with a reopener after the 1997-98 fourth
season. Following the cancellation of 468 games, each team played a
48-game regular-season schedule.